There's been considerable speculation on this subject in this and other forums over the past year or so. In fact jis and I have a different perspective on what's actually going to happen. It is just speculation, but based on some facts: 1. GO Transit (Toronto regional commuter rail) has been eyeing the Toronto - Niagara Falls, ON route for some time and are slowly ramping up their service. They recently announced the seasonal service going to year-round. Once they reach their objective of 4 frequencies daily, one of which is very close to the Maple Leaf times and serves the same stations between Hamilton and Niagara Falls, what is VIA's reason for participating? Who will buy a local VIA ticket for twice as much? 2. The never-ending Toronto Union Station reconstruction did at one time include an "office" for US CBP, leading to speculation that either the Maple Leaf would be pre-cleared or some other international service would be started or restored. Like the current Montreal stalemate there were money issues and the lack of nearby US agents to staff whatever. The original proposal was that they would come from nearby Billy Bishop Airport, who at the time were seeking to add pre-clearance for US-bound flights. This did not happen, however the advent of the Union-Pearson express train created a new window where it would be practical for US CBP to attend for an hour or so twice a day. 3. Until a few years ago VIA used to have two daily frequencies in the Niagara Falls market, one run solely as a VIA train. The "beginning of the end" for that train can be found here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Burlington_VIA_derailment. It was cancelled and they focused on the combined train with Amtrak. If there was money to be made or service to be provided why is this the case? There is frequent bus service on the route, provided by GO Transit and others, and once GO is fully active in the train market, why continue with the Maple Leaf? 4. The final "nail in the coffin" for VIA on this route may be the upcoming bustitution between Toronto and the US side, with no intervening stops in Canada. I have no numbers to back up ridership, but seriously doubt there is much demand for tickets from Grimsby or St. Catherines to anywhere in New York state anyway. This should be a true test of that. Therefore, if GO replaces the local service on the Canadian side of the border - which will happen, and VIA exits the picture, is it not reasonable to expect that Amtrak will either permanently truncate the Maple Leaf at Niagara Falls or try for pre-clearance in Toronto and a non-stop run to the border? I outlined in another thread where either option makes sense and with proper co-ordination of new GO Transit frequencies with existing Amtrak Empire services, it opens the possibility of selling 3 trains a day between Toronto and New York. Painting that picture is a good way to disguise changes to or cancellation of the existing service.